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About Nellore

Nellore is one of the most important cities and municipal corporations in the state of Andhra Pradesh situated on the banks of the Penneru River. It is also the sixth most populous city in this state. Nellore city is the administrative headquarters of Sri Potti Sri Ramulu Nellore district. Hyderabad, the state capital of Andhra Pradesh, is around 450 kilometer away from Nellore.  Nellore is situated on the Chennai-Kolkata Highway, or NH 5, which is an integral part of the Golden Quadrilateral Expressway Project undertaken by the Indian Government. Nellore is known for the production of mica and gold jewellery. Apart from these two, aquaculture and cultivation of paddy are two very important engagements of the people of Nellore.

Introduction of Nellore

History of Nellore

Till the 13th Century, Nellore was known as "Vikrama Simhapuri". The word "Nellore" is derived from the Tamil word “Nelluru”, where “Nel” means paddy and “ooru” means place. In the ancient Mauryan texts, one can find the mention of Nellore. The Great King Asoka ruled over Nellore during his reign (3rd Century BC). Apart from the Mauryan Kingdom, other important kingdoms of South India, like Cholas, Pallavas and Arcot Nawabs have ruled Nellore in different points of time. Finally, the British rulers became the ruling power in Nellore. They had placed Nellore under the Madras Presidency. Click here for more information on history of Nellore

Geography of Nellore

Nellore is located at 14.43°N 79.97°E. The average elevation of Nellore city is 18 meters. One can experience typical tropical maritime climate in the city. Like most parts of South India, the summers in Nellore are both warm and humid, while the winters are mild. In Nellore, April and May are the two hottest months. Nellore is situated very close to the Bay of Bengal and therefore the city receives cool breeze during the evenings inspite of humid weather. One of the typical features of Nellore is that it does not receive rain from the South-West monsoon. Nellore receives rainfall due to the North-East monsoon between October and December. Another typical feature of the monsoons in Nellore is the frequency of cyclones and floods. Throughout the year, there are several weather hazards that continue to disrupt the farming operations in the district. Click here for more information on geography of Nellore

Demographics of Nellore

The total population of Nellore city was 565,258, as per the 2011 Indian census. The urban agglomeration of Nellore was 734,011 in the same census. The male literacy rate is 87.53% and female literacy rate is 79.52% in Nellore while the effective literacy rate is 83.59%. The largest part of the population is engaged in agriculture. Telugu is the official language of the city as well as the district. Apart from Telugu, there are Tamil and Urdu speaking populations living in Nellore.

Agriculture in Nellore

Nellore is one of the most agriculturally developed districts in India. 41.3% of the land in Nellore district is cultivable. Due to the close proximity to sea and abundance of fertile land towards the east has been instrumental in developing agriculture in the area. So, we can say that the economy of Nellore is directly dependent on agriculture. Paddy, tobacco, jowar, chilies, groundnut, sugarcane, bajra etc are some of the most important crops of the area. Apart from agriculture, aquaculture, hand made jewellery, mica, thermal power generation and hand loom industries are popular in Nellore. The  Krishnapatnam port, situated only 20 kilometers away from the city, is considered as a major center for economic activity of the district as well as of the state.

Tourism of Nellore

Nellore Overview

Though not a very large city, Nellore has some important tourist attractions worth visiting. Sri Ranganthaswamy temple is one of the famous tourist attractions of Nellore located within the city limits. It is a 600 year old temple and the 70 feet tall Gaaligopuram is one the unique features of the temple. Mypadu Beach and Pulicat Lake are exquisite natural tourist attractions near the city. While Mypadu beach can be calm and refreshing, the Pulicat Bird Sanctuary can enthrall you with new winged guests. Winter is the best season to visit Nellore as the climate is quite pleasant. Click here for more information on tourism in Nellore

Transport in Nellore

National Highway 5, connecting Kolkata and Chennai passes through Nellore. The city is connected by APSRTC to major parts of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Apart from the APSRTC, TNSTC from Chennai and KSRTC from Bangalore also run bus services in Nellore.

Nellore by Road

The two bus stations in Nellore city are RTC Bus Station (for intercity and interstate mofussil buses) and Potti Sreeramulu Bus Station or Atmakur Bus Station (for intra-district and town buses).

Nellore by Rail

Nellore railway station is situated on the Vijayawada-Chennai section of the Chennai - Howrah trunk line. It is also connected by Chennai Suburban Railway, lying on the North Line which finishes at Bitragunta.
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